Plumbing and irrigation technologies allowed for the transportation of water to vital systems wanted for human life, corresponding to watering crops and providing water for human consumption, to the disposal of waste. Building buildings became simpler as technology superior, which lead to some of the most spectacular buildings ever constructed by humans, including Stonehenge and the Egyptian Pyramids. More technology meant more solutions, which meant bigger cities, extra trade, and the expansion of civilization. Many discoveries also arose from pure chance, like the discovery of penicillin because of accidental lab contamination. Since the Sixties, the idea that authorities funding of basic research would result in the discovery of marketable applied sciences has misplaced credibility. Emerging technologies are novel technologies whose development or practical applications are nonetheless largely unrealized.
- Given the uneven geographic distribution of critical mineral assets, worldwide collaboration and strategic partnerships will be crucial for guaranteeing safety of provide.