They embrace nanotechnology, biotechnology, robotics, 3D printing, blockchains, and synthetic intelligence. It often encompasses a related argument, technological autonomy, which asserts that technological progress follows a natural development and cannot be prevented. Social constructivists argue that applied sciences observe no natural progression, and are formed by cultural values, laws, politics, and economic incentives. Modern scholarship has shifted in path of an analysis of sociotechnical methods, “assemblages of things, individuals, practices, and meanings”, trying at the worth judgments that form technology. Technologies have contributed to human welfare via elevated prosperity, improved comfort and high quality of life, and medical progress, however they can additionally disrupt current social hierarchies, cause air pollution, and harm individuals or teams. The earliest known use of wind energy is the sailing ship; the earliest report of a ship under sail is that of a Nile boat relationship to around 7,000 BCE.
- Swinburne has achieved world rankings